Explanation & Legend Definition

European forests cover nearly 40% of the surface and are home of most of the continent’s biodiversity. In addition to the supply of timber, to which most forested European land is dedicated, forests provide a multitude of other benefits and services in terms of climate regulation, human health, recreation, fresh water supply and many others. 


Governance Schemes


Network approaches and new actor alliances:
describes a system based on cooperation where individuals (e.g. persons, households or organisations) formulate individual and common goals.


Payment schemes and compensation:
can be designed as a system of voluntary exchange (real market). The allocation of resources and provision of services is determined by the largest willingness to pay.


is a system of command. Power of decision rests with a top level. Governments, firms, and dynasties are all examples of hierarchical structures.


However, few real-world governance systems are actually based on just one type. Typically, they co-exist, as they may even depend fundamentally on each other.

Innovation Stage 

selected innovations across Europe, which are in different stages of development.

Case Study
Bio­geo­graph­ical Region
Eco­system Services
Initial Pioneer Inno­vations
Inno­vation Stage
Value Chains for Forests and Wood
Central, continental

Tourism and Recreation, biodiversity, timber

Network approaches
Articulation/ consolidating
Collective Governance of Ecosystem Services Slovakia/Czech Republic
Central, East

CO2 Sequestration

Payment schemes
Articulation/ Consolidating
Habitat Bank of Finland
Boreal, North-East

Biodiversity, Timber, CO2 Sequestration

Payment schemes
Consolidating/ implementation
Waldaktie Germany
Timber, non-timber products, carbon
Payment schemes
Forest Pasture System Management Italy
Mediterranean, South

Water regulation, natural hazards protection, tourism and recreation

Payment schemes
Love the Forest Sweden
Boreal, North
Tourism, recreation and spiritual values


News and Events

Our Forest Our Future: Sustainable forest management to address societal challenges

25 April 2019 / Seminar

Kick-off meeting InnoForESt

27 November 2017 / associative partner

Around 45 experts from the forestry sector representing 17 institutions gathered for the first time in Berlin to welcome the InnoForESt, a H2020 Innovation Action project.

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