Explanation & Legend Definition

European forests cover nearly 40 % of the surface and are home of most of the continent’s biodiversity. In addition to the supply of timber, to which most forested European land is dedicated, forests provide a multitude of other benefits and services in terms of climate regulation, human health, recreation, fresh water supply and many others.

Governance Schemes

Network approaches and new actor alliances:
describes a system based on cooperation where individuals (e.g. persons, households or organisations) formulate individual and common goals.

Payment schemes and compensation:
can be designed as a system of voluntary exchange (real market). The allocation of resources and provision of services is determined by the largest willingness to pay.

is a system of command. Power of decision rests with a top level. Governments, firms, and dynasties are all examples of hierarchical structures.

However, few real-world governance systems are actually based on just one type. Typically, they co-exist, as they may even depend fundamentally on each other.

Innovation Stage

Selected innovations across Europe, which are in different stages of development.

Case Study
Bio­geo­graph­ical Region
Eco­system Services
Initial Pioneer Inno­vations
Inno­vation Stage
Value Chains for Forests and Wood
Central, continental
Tourism and Recreation, biodiversity, timber
Network approaches
Articulation/ consolidating
Collective Governance of Ecosystem Services Slovakia/Czech Republic
Central, East
CO2 Sequestration
Payment schemes
Articulation/ Consolidating
Habitat Bank of Finland
Boreal, North-East
Biodiversity, Timber, CO2 Sequestration
Payment schemes
Consolidating/ implementation
Waldaktie Germany
Timber, non-timber products, carbon
Payment schemes
Forest Pasture System Management Italy
Mediterranean, South
Water regulation, natural hazards protection, tourism and recreation
Payment schemes
Love the Forest Sweden
Boreal, North
Tourism, recreation and spiritual values

News and Events

9:00 InnoForESt Virtual Final Conference
InnoForESt Virtual Final Conference
Oct 28 @ 9:00 – 12:30
InnoForESt Virtual Final Conference
After 3 years of hard work, the Horizon 2020 InnoForESt[...]
all-day InnoForESt Excursion to German a...
InnoForESt Excursion to German a...
Oct 12 – Oct 15 all-day
The excursion is open to all Innovation Region teams as[...]
9:30 Multi-stakeholder dialogue: Insi...
Multi-stakeholder dialogue: Insi...
Sep 28 @ 9:30 – 13:00
Multi-stakeholder dialogue: Insights from the InnoForESt project
The InnoForESt consortium invites you to register for our upcoming[...]


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